Ramp buying guide

Ramp buying guide


Our ramp buying guide will aid you when choosing a ramp or ramp system.

It is important when buying a ramp  to consider what type of ramp suits your needs.

Many factors have to be taken into account when choosing and buying a safe and adequate ramp or ramp system.

What type of ramp?


Do you require a permanent ramp system or a temporary ramp?

A permanent wheelchair ramp system is the preferred choice when you need long term access solutions, for example a long-term residential situation or a commercial application when wheelchair access to the premises is frequent.

Permanent Modular Ramp System
Permanent Modular Ramp System

A temporary ramp is ideal where a short time solution for wheelchair access is required, these ramps include door threshold ramps, travel ramps and ramps for access to vehicles.

Temporary Ramp System
Temporary Ramp System

Other Considerations


Incline
How steep and high is the incline you will be using the ramp on?

What kind of material do you require for the ramp?

  • Our range of fiberglass ramps are extremely strong, slip resistant, lightweight and weather resistant 

Storage Space

Before you buy a temporary  access ramp, detachable or travel ramp it is advisable to check you have adequate storage space.

Weight Specs for Ramps

It is important when buying a ramp that the ramp is strong enough to support the weight of the wheelchair user and assistant if required. 

Choosing the Correct Gradient


When choosing an access ramp for use with a wheelchair or mobility scooter it is vital to use the recommended gradient in relation to ramp length for adequate safety of the user.

The gradient of the ramp should be as shallow as possible, steep gradients can be unsafe and create difficulties for some wheelchair users who lack the strength to propel themselves up the slope or slow down when descending the slope.

Assisted or unassisted use of access ramps has to be taken into account:

1:20 gradient is perfect for unassisted use

1:14 and 1:12 gradient we would recommend assisted use

1:20 – The ideal Gradient for a safe unassisted ramp.

For example a 1:20 ratio multiply the height of step by 20 to give you the minimum length of ramp.

6 inch step x 20 = 120 inches (10ft ramp)

Or

15cm (150 mm) Step x 20 = (300cm – 3m)

1:14 – Gradient is recommended for assisted use when access space is restricted.

1:12 – Is the maximum recommended gradient for safe assisted ramp use, this gradient should only be used when access space is severely restricted.

A wheelchair/access ramp will comply with Part M of Building Regulations if it:


  • The ramp surface is slip resistant, especially when wet
  • The ramp has a surface width of at least 1.5m
  • The ramp has a maximum individual flight of 10m or a rise of more than 500mm – 0.5m
  • The ramp has an unobstructed (including door swing) landing area at the head and foot of the ramp no less than 1200mm – 1.2m in length.
  • Landing spaces (1800mm – 1.8m long) and (1800mm – 1.8m wide) are provided as passing places when the wheelchair user cannot see from one end of the ramp to the other or the ramp system has three flights or more
  • All landings should be level, subject to a maximum gradient of 1:60 along their length and a maximum cross fall gradient of 1:40 along their width
  • The ramp or landing has a kerb at least 100mm high on open sides that contrasts visually with the ramp or landing
  • There is handrails on both sides
  • The ramp has a maximum gradient of 1:20 at 10m (500mm high)
  • The ramp has a maximum gradient of 1:15 at 5m (333mm high)
  • The ramp has a maximum gradient of 1:12 at 2m (166mm high)
Relationship-of-ramp-gradient-to-the-going-of-a-flight
Relationship of Ramp Gradient to the Going of a Flight

Limits for Ramp Gradients


Maximum Gradient – 1:20

Maximum Rise – 500mm

Maximum Gradient – 1:15

Maximum Rise – 333mm

Maximum Gradient – 1:12

Maximum Rise – 166mm